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Saturday, October 9, 2010
Agriculture crucial for Haiti
Oxfam urges aid be earmarked for it
By RENE BRUEMMER, The Gazette
More than half of Haiti's population live in rural areas and derive their incomes, sparse but life-sustaining, from farming. Yet between 2000 and 2005, only four per cent of the government budget was earmarked for agricultural development, and only 2.5 per cent of foreign aid was directed there.
International aid organization Oxfam this week published a report calling for a "radical shift" in the way aid and support are dispersed in the country, urging foreign governments to prioritize farming and back Haiti's $772-million agricultural reconstruction plan.
"For decades the Haitian government and international donors have neglected agriculture, despite its importance to Haitian lives," said Philippe Matthieu, Oxfam country director in Haiti at a news conference at Oxfam-Quebec's Montreal offices yesterday. "If Haiti is to be built back better, the international community" must support the plan. "We must reconstitute life on a new foundation."
Previously, the Haitian government pushed for the "Taiwan-ization" of the economy, supporting low-cost, low-paid manufacturing plants, said Eric Faustin, general director of the Regroupement des organismes canado-haitiens pour le developpement, leaving the country's more than 5 million peasant farmers, 90 per cent of whom live on less than $2 a day, to their own devices. Last January's earthquake sent another 600,000 back to their rural homelands, further stressing the system.
The study's author, Marc Cohen, urged donor nations providing food aid to buy local produce as opposed to shipping it in from their countries, robbing farmers of their livelihood. Oxfam also called on the United States to abandon its policy of subsidizing American rice farmers who undercut Haitian producers -Haiti is the third-largest market for U.S. rice growers after Japan and Mexico.
First, however, international donors including Canada have to honour their pledges and make sure they're earmarked for agriculture.